The drug Topamax has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration(FDA) for the treatment of both epilepsy and the prevention of migraine headaches, and more than 4 million people have used the medication since it was introduced in 1995. Topamax or the generic form Topiramate come in tablet form and in a sprinkle capsule to scatter over food and take orally.
Topamax aids in controlling partial-complex seizures, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and epileptic episoded related to the Lennox Gastaut Syndrome. Topamax is referred to as an anti-convulsant and works by decreasing abnormal seizure activity in the brain. According to Topamaxepilepsy.com, neurologists typically start patients on the lowest possible dose and stop when they find one that controls the seizures. For best results, neurologists recommend taking Topamax twice a day, at the same time each day.
Since 2004, Topamax has been approved for preventing migraines, as well as controlling seizures.Instead of taking medication after a painful migraine occurs, Topamax helps to prevent them from occuring so that you experience fewer of them. Topamax decreases migraines by calming nerve cells in the brain to prevent them from illiciting the signals that cause migraines. Patients need start slow with finding the right dose of Topamax for migraine prevention, though typically most people take 50 mg twice a day. According to Topamax.com, clinical studies show that patients experience a reduction of migraines after one month and a significant improvement after six months.
Topamax does work with other medications with little interactions. Topamax may be prescribed in addition to other anti-seizure medication to find a formula to control seizures, or pain medicine may be added for the sporadic migraines that still occur. For doses up to 200 mg a day, Topamax does not interfere with hormonal birth control pills either; however if you take a higher does, you will need a high estrogen pill for the method to be effective.
While Topamax does control two conditions, it still does have some side effects. Many people who take Topamax experience memory problems, where they can not describe something the right way, or they lose things frequently. In addition, the most common side effects of Topamax remain numbness and tingling in the arms and legs and excessive tiredness.
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